I love gardening and caring for houseplants, but I freely admit that because of my schedule, my plants don’t often get the care they deserve. This is why I stick to easy to care for plants. This means I tend to have a lot of the same kinds of plants. Another reason I have a lot of the same plants is because I propagate the ones that I like and want to have more of. Here is a guide to Easy Plant Propagation:
There are several methods of plant propagation. The two easiest are division (separating multiple plants with separate roots systems that happen to be growing in clumps) and tip cuttings. These methods are also low stress to the plants themselves.
- Unpot the plant and untangle foliage as necessary.
- Brush off some of the soil around the roots.
- Pull apart the plant clumps you want to remove for repotting. If necessary cut apart with a knife.
- Be sure to divide the roots as evenly as possible between clumps.
- Repot the new clumps into fresh potting soil.
- Water plant thoroughly.
- Place newly potted plants in moderate light for about a week. After that, move the plant to an appropriate area for its lighting requirements.
Tip Cutting Propagation: (Soil Method)
- Before making a tip cutting, examine the stem you will cut. Each new cutting should have at least (but not only) three nodes (the spot where the leaf connects to the stem).
- Cut near but not into the node. This reduces stress to the mother plant.
- Make the cut with a sharp knife just above the bottom node.
- Remove leaves still attached to the lower two nodes.
- Insert the cutting into a pot containing pre-moistened potting mix.
- Place a clear plastic bag over the cutting and put it in a brightly lit room but not in direct sunlight.
- When the new plant starts to spring its own new leaves, it has taken root and you can gradually open the bag a little bit each day until the plant is firmly established. This should be in about two weeks.
Related: Christmas Cactus Care
Instead of placing your cutting in potting soil, you place it in water. This traditional method is the way I always used to do propagation. I’ve since found out that it’s not the best way of propagating because the roots adapt to the aquatic environment. They then go through a lot of stress when the plant is repotted into potting soil. If you do end up using this method, plant your cutting into the potting soil as soon as you see the roots start to formulate.
Propagating your favorite plants is so easy. I’ve actually taken Aloe Vera plants that I’ve separated from clumps as well as Purple Heart Plant cuttings and placed them right on top of the dirt where I wanted to grow them as a ground cover. I know this is kind of lazy, but a few times when I was in a hurry and I knew I wouldn’t get to do it the proper way, I just did this. It worked just fine. Talk about Easy Plant Propagation!
Related: Eco-friendly Landscaping Practices
What plants do you find are the easiest to propagate? Which method do you use the most?
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